Women's Health | November 23, 2014 | Author: The Super Pharmacist
Polycystic ovarian syndrome, also known as polycystic ovary syndrome or PCOS, is a very complicated disorder. For women who have this condition, their ovaries present larger than average. The term polycystic refers to the many cysts on the ovaries or follicles that typically do not mature or produce eggs that can be fertilised.
A relatively common disorder, polycystic ovary syndrome affect women between the ages of late adolescence to menopause. PCOS is especially common in women who are infertile.
As many as one third of the women who have polycystic ovaries identified through ultrasound do not actually have PCOS.
However many polycystic ovarian syndrome cases go without diagnosis.
The signs and symptoms of PCOS typically start soon after a woman’s first period. However, in some cases the symptoms do not become evident until later on in the woman’s reproductive years, which may be in response to significant weight gain.
While the symptoms of this condition vary from one person to the next in severity and type, a diagnosis is typically made when at least two of the following symptoms are present:
Women who are affected by polycystic ovary syndrome may also experience:
The management of polycystic ovary syndrome will depend on the associated problems, but may include:
Studies indicate that a weight loss of as little as 5% to 10% for overweight women can restore hormone production to normal, helping to improve fertility and regulate menstruation. A multidisciplinary approach is vital to treating the condition. If only one or two of the symptoms are treated for the short term, the individual can suffer from long-term problems.
It is important to keep in mind that this is a long-term disorder and thus requires long-term treatment.
For women who have been diagnosed with polycystic ovary syndrome, preventing weight gain or losing weight is crucial to relieving symptoms and reducing the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
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