Age related illnesses, Immune | August 9, 2016 | Author: Naturopath
Growing concerns about bacterial resistance as a consequence of antibiotic overuse have created the need for safe and effective non-antibiotic prevention strategies for recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs).
Urinary tract infection is an infection in part of the urinary system. The urinary system includes the kidneys, bladder, urethra, ureters, and, in men, prostate. Most UTIs occur in the lower urinary tract - the bladder - and are often called cystitis. Around 50% of women and 5% of men will experience at least one UTI in their lifetime. Antibiotics are typically prescribed for UTIs. Nevertheless, a significant number of women suffer from recurrent UTIs following antibiotic treatment.
Lower UTIs typically manifest with increased urinary frequency, urgency, and painful urination. However, patients with infections in the upper urinary tract that reach the kidney may suffer from chills, fever, nausea and vomiting.
The vast majority of UTIs are caused by E. coli bacteria, a type of bacteria that usually live in the digestive tracts of humans and animals. If the bacteria invade the urinary tract, it can attach to the lining of the bladder and lead to inflammation. However, sometimes other organisms can cause UTIs.
Women have a shorter urethra than men, which allows bacteria to travel more easily into the bladder.
Female's urethra is also closer to the rectum, making it easier for bacteria from the rectal area to reach the urethral area. Women at a higher risk for UTIs include sexually active women, women who use diaphragms or spermicide for birth control, postmenopausal women, and those with a strong family history of recurrent UTIs (2 or more family members).
Elderly people people are more vulnerable to UTIs for several reasons, including incomplete bladder emptying, incontinence, and overall susceptibility to infections.
People with blockage in the urinary tract. An enlarged prostate gland or kidney stones can obstruct the flow of urine, increasing the risk of UTIs.
People with urinary catheters. Most hospital-acquired UTIs are associated with the use of catheters.
Patients with spinal cord injury. Inability to empty the bladder may allow bacteria to grow in the urine.
People with diabetes. High glucose in the urine and impaired immune system predispose to infection.
Babies born with urinary tract abnormalities.
Your kidneys play a vital role in filtering toxins out of your blood via the urine. Maintaining healthy kidneys reduce your risk of a UTI reaching the kidneys, and prevent formation of kidney stones. Researchers found that people eating plant-base diets appear to have superior kidney function! Furthermore, eating more fruit and vegetables, and less meat, keep your urine less acidic, which help restrict bacterial growth.
A diet loaded with sugary foods and drinks may impair your immune system and reduce your ability to fight bacterial infections. Additionally, excess glucose in the urine provides a favorable environment for bacteria to multiply.
Perhaps the most well known natural remedy for UTIs, cranberries are loaded with vitamin C, which enhances immune function. It is thought that components called proanthocyanidins in cranberries interfere with the ability of bacteria to adhere to the lining of the bladder.
Studies suggest that drinking between 240 ml to 300 ml cranberry juice per day may help prevent the recurrence of UTIs. Look for juice that is not artificially sweetened to avoid added sugar.
(Note that cranberry juice can interact with the blood thinning medication warfarin to cause bleeding).
Enjoy green tea. Among its many health benefits, green tea contains compounds called polyphenols that have been shown to have antimicrobial effects on E. coli bacteria that cause UTIs.
Restricting your fluid intake may increase your urine concentration and may irritate your bladder, resulting in UTIs. Water helps to keep the urine diluted and stimulates you to urinate more, flushing the bacteria from your urinary tract.
This well known spice commonly used in Southeast Asia is not only a potent antioxidant, but also has antibacterial properties.
Researchers found that when trans-cinnamaldehyde, a compound in cinnamon, was applied as a coating to urinary catheters, it prevented the growth of E coli, the bacteria responsible for the majority of UTIs.
Plain yoghurt with bacterial cultures, kefir, sauerkraut, kimchi, and kombucha are rich with beneficial bacteria. A Finnish Study found that women consuming fermented dairy products containing probiotic bacteria 3 times a week reduced their risk of UTI recurrence by 80%.
Some foods and beverages are known to be bladder irritants, and can increase your risk of UTIs. Restrict your caffeine intake to 1 cup of coffee per day, or replace with a decaf alternative, reduce or eliminate alcohol, carbonated drinks, spicy foods, and citrus fruits.
Cranberry capsules. Taking cranberry capsules may prove more effective than drinking cranberry juice due to higher concentration of cranberry. Women who took cranberry capsules lowered their risk of UTIs by 50%. Recommended dose: 400 mg twice daily.
Probiotics. Probiotics inhibit the growth of pathogenic bacteria that are likely to cause UTIs, replenish your normal flora, and stimulate your immune function. Preliminary studies using probiotics supplements containing lactobacillus species show promise for prevention and treatment of UTIs.
D-mannose. This is a naturally occurring sugar that is found in some fruits, including apples, blueberries, currants, and cranberries. Just like cranberries, it can stop E. coli bacteria from adhering to the walls of the bladder. In one study D-mannose significantly reduced the risk of UTIs in women with history of recurrent UTIs.
Garlic (Allium Sativum). Garlic is a culinary herb known for its powerful antibacterial properties. Use freshly crushed garlic in order to get its most potent antibacterial properties.
Uva-Ursi (Bearberry). Has been used traditionally as herbal remedy for mild cystitis, possibly for its antimicrobial and diuretic properties. (Note this herb should only be used short term).
Goldenseal. Often used in treatment for upper respiratory infections, this herb has antibacterial properties that may help fight UTIs.
Echinacea. Although not traditionally used for UTIs, this common immune-stimulating herb may enhance your ability to fight bacterial infections.
Kidney and Bladder Teas. Some herbal teas are used to increase urine output in order to prevent recurring UTIs. These include asparagus root, java, lovage, and stinging nettle. (Note that these herbs may irritate the urinary tract mucosa so do not drink them while having an acute UTI; use as prevention only).
Acupuncture. This ancient Chinese practice has been shown to reduce the recurrence rate of UTIs by 50%!
Heat. Applying a heating pad around your pubic area can help soothe the pain.
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