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Interesting Antioxidants

Age related illnesses, General | December 9, 2020 | Author: naturopath

age related, general

Interesting Antioxidants

There are many natural substances capable of counteracting the effects of oxidative stress and helping to prevent the development of many diseases and the signs of aging. Antioxidant-rich substances such as Astaxanthin, rosehips, grapeseed extract, resveratrol, and various berries have been shown in numerous studies, help in the prevention and treatment of many diseases. These include diabetes, atherosclerosis, cancer and neurodegenerative disorders, as well as reducing the negative effects of harmful, lifestyle choices (cigarettes, drugs and alcohol) and environment factors.

Of course, the best action is a diet enriched with natural, unadulterated fruits, vegetables and foods from the sea and avoidance of destructive habits. In some instances, increased amounts of antioxidants are necessary due to chronic disease or environmental factors. This is where supplemental forms of antioxidants, much more powerful, may be needed.

If you are looking to add some antioxidant power to your supplement regime but are not sure what to choose, following are some suggestions.

Rose-Hips

Rose-HipsRose-hip (Rosa canina L) is clinically proven as an anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and rich source of vitamin C. It is used mainly to relieve pain in osteoarthritis, rheumatism and arthritis (in humans as well as animals).

Rose-Hip vital is a product containing 500mg of Rosa canina L fruit powder, made using a special patented compound - glycoside of mono and diglycerol (GOPO) which has powerful anti-inflammatory properties released during the drying process of the rose-hips.

Astaxanthin

Natural astaxanthin ester extracted from Haematoccocus pluvialis is a potent anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and free-radical scavenger. Astaxanthin is considered and all-round super antioxidant able to help with healthy skin structure, elasticity, hydration (moisture content) and firmness. It can be used to support healthy cholesterol in the body, cognitive performance, mental function and heart health in athletes. Let’s not stop there, astaxanthin helps with healthy eye function (eye strain, visual fatigue), immune system function and general well-being.

Resveratrol

Resveratrol is a powerful antioxidant used to support cardiovascular health, healthy aging, immune function, healthy skin and general wellbeing. Resveratrol can be formulated from the roots of the Giant Knotweed and Polygonum Cuspidatum and found in the skins of grapes, red wine, red fruits, some berries including mulberries, blueberries and cranberries, peanuts and other herbs and plants. Who wouldn’t want to neutralise some free radical which contribute to ageing!

Vitis Vinifera (grapeseed)Vitis Vinifera (grape seed)

Grape seed's contain a rich source of the plant flavonoids -oligomeric proanthocyanidins (OPCs). OPC's are a valuable antioxidant and free-radical scavenger useful to prevent the breakdown of skin collagen and elastin; reduce the risk of cell damage; helps reduce oedema; assists with blood circulation and healthy blood vessels.

Think of fluid retention in the legs, eye health and skin aging! 
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Green Tea

Green Tea contains an active constituent and natural antioxidant, Epigallocatechin-3-0-gallate (EGCG), which helps to reduce free radical formation in the body and decrease damage to the cells. EGCG also enhances energy levels and supports ongoing energy production, promotes thermogenesis and supports calorie burning (involved in weight loss). Maintaining a healthy weight is important for disease prevention. 

Studies show that compounds in green tea act as antioxidants and can lower cancer risk, help with allergies and cognitive decline, and reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke. Matcha is a green tea originating from China.

Turmeric

Turmeric (curcuma longa) is a good source of natural flavonoids which offer significant protection against free radical damage, coronary heart disease prevention, and anticancer activities. Turmeric has long been recognized for its medicinal properties. Along with its antioxidant activity, it is well recognised for its anti-inflammatory properties. It is useful as an aid in the management of arthritis, metabolic syndrome, hyperlipidaemia and condition associated with inflammation.

Turmeric in its raw form has poor bioavailability thought due to poor absorption and rapid metabolism resulting in elimination from the body before it has had time to do good. Good quality supplemental forms will combine curcumin with other compounds, such as Piperine, (from black pepper) or phosphatidylcholine, or use different methods of manufacturing, such as colloidal nanoparticles, for better bioavailability and absorption.

Royal JellyRoyal Jelly

Royal Jelly is a source of antioxidants beneficial for the maintenance of good health. It is composed mostly of resin, wax, essential oils and pollen and abundant in vitamins, minerals and other organic compounds - including various flavonoids.

In fact, products from honey bees, are considered to be a potential source of natural antioxidants.
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Berries

Most berries are acknowledged for their high content of phytochemicals and wide range of antioxidants offering a a variety of activity in the body. Some of which includes: scavenging oxygen free radicals, protection of DNA, proteins, and lipids from reactive oxygen species (ROS), inhibition of oncogene expression (oncogene is a gene which as the potential to cause cancer), inhibition of oxidative enzyme (an enzyme that catalyses an oxidation reaction) and the alteration of cellular signaling to regulate the level of antioxidant compounds and enzymes in the body. Some interesting antioxidant berries include:

Açai berry's (Euterpe oleracea, Lycium barbarum L) are rich in anthocyanins, proanthocyanidins and other flavonoids and lignans and are valued for their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity.

Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.) is known as a medicinal plant due to its remarkable pharmacological effects. 

Bilberry fruit (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) has been extensively studied as a source of anthocyanins and phenolic composition as well as for its antioxidant activity. Bilberries are considered powerful intracellular antioxidants.

Blackcurrant fruit (Ribes nigrum L) is commonly rich in phytonutrients, vitamin C and antioxidants. 

Chokeberries (Aronia melanocarpa L.) contain a high content of antioxidants and polyphenols (procyanidins, anthocyanins and phenolic acids). 

Spirulina

Spirulina is a type of blue-green algae containing antioxidants, is considered a super food due to its high nutritional content. These include B vitamins, beta-carotene, and vitamin E, minerals, chlorophyll and phycocyanobilin and is as a great source of vegan protein.
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Other antioxidants include Vitamin E, Vitamin C, Beta carotene, Alpha lipoic acid and glutathione.

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References

Therapeutic Applications of Rose Hips from Different Rosa Species https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5485961/

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/pharmacology-toxicology-and-pharmaceutical-science/polygonum-cuspidatum

The Repeated Administration of Resveratrol Has Measurable Effects on Circulating T-Cell Subsets in Humans https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5435979/

Health Effects of Resveratrol: Results from Human Intervention Trials https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6317057/

The Fruits of Siraitia grosvenorii: A Review of a Chinese Food-Medicine https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6903776/

Usage, biological activity, and safety of selected botanical dietary supplements consumed in the United States https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29736381/

Açai Berry (Euterpe oleracea) Dietary Supplements: Variations in Anthocyanin and Flavonoid Concentrations, Phenolic Contents, and Antioxidant Properties https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31280417/

Flavonoids from acai (Euterpe oleracea Mart.) pulp and their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities

Chemopreventive and Therapeutic Effects of Edible Berries: A Focus on Colon Cancer Prevention and Treatment Curcumin: A Review of Its’ Effects on Human Health

Antioxidant Properties of Popular Turmeric (Curcuma longa) Varieties from Bangladesh https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jfq/2017/8471785/

Antioxidant Potential of Propolis, Bee Pollen, and Royal Jelly: Possible Medical Application https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5954854/

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