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Infertility - Causes and treatment of Infertility

Hormone replacement, Men's Health, Women's Health, Infant and Children | August 4, 2014 | Author: The Super Pharmacist


Infertility - Causes and treatment of Infertility

Statistics show that in 2011, the total fertility rate in Australia was only 1.88 babies for every woman, which is even lower than it was in the previous year. In fact, since the late 1970s, the total fertility rate has been under replacement level. This means that one out of every six couples in Australia have difficulties conceiving a baby.

Causes of Infertility

Causes of InfertilityFor most couples, conception occurs naturally within a year. However, for 20% of couples, regardless of trying, they are unable to conceive successfully. There are a number of different reasons that these couples are unable to become pregnant, such as:

  • Fallopian disorders. Damaged or blocked fallopian tubes
  • Ovary disorders 
  • Hormone disorders
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
  • Endometrioses
  • Weight. Underweight or overweight women
  • Age. as the fertility rate declines significantly after age 38
  • Low sperm count. Insufficient sperm production
  • Obstruction. Obstructed sperm during ejaculation
  • Motility. Poorly swimming sperm
  • Oxidative stress, such as from smoking, infection or injury that cause defective sperm
  • Azoospermia. A lack of sperm in the ejaculate that may be due to a genetic abnormality, vasectomy or lack of sperm production
  • Genetics. Certain genetic conditions, such as cystic fibrosis, Kinefelter syndrome, translocation, and Turners syndrome

For healthy couples who are in their twenties that practice unprotected sex on a regular basis, the chance of becoming pregnant is only 25% per month. However, the degree of infertility varies and the majority of infertile couples in Australia are sub-fertile. This means that there is hope of conception for most couples with treatment.

Treating Infertility

Learning that you or your partner is infertile can be traumatic. Treating infertility can be somewhat of an emotional rollercoaster as you go through the disappointments of failed cycles. More than 1% of the babies born in Australia are conceived through the use of assisted reproductive technology.

Artificial insemination is most commonly the initial treatment for infertility

Treating InfertilityDepending on the circumstances, conception may be achieved within three to six treatments.

Intrauterine insemination is an artificial insemination technique that involves the insertion of prepared sperm through the cervix and into the uterus before ovulation. This procedure may be performed with additional hormonal stimulation or during a natural cycle.

Artificial insemination is only recommended for couples that have trouble conceiving due to certain factors.

These factors include:

  • Infertility that is unexplained
  • Intercourse problems
  • Seminal fluid abnormality
  • Cervical mucus hostility
  • Mild endometriosis
  • Ovulatory disorder that has been responsive to medication for fertility
  • Absent male partner, during which cases frozen sperm may be used

Artificial insemination is not recommended to treat infertility in certain instances such as:

  • Severe tubal damage or tubal blockage
  • Women who are over the age of 38-40
  • Severe endometriosis
  • Significantly abnormal semen analysis

In order for intrauterine insemination to be successful, the fallopian tubes have to be healthy and open and there has to have at least one functioning ovary. 

A pregnancy test can be taken at about two week to determine if the treatment is successful. Although the rate of success varies and depends greatly on your unique situation, about 16% of women under the age of 35 will become pregnant with this treatment.  Australia's best online pharmacy


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